A novel similarity measure of picture fuzzy sets and its applications

Fathima Perveen P., John S. J., KAMACI H., Baiju T.

Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems, vol.44, no.3, pp.4653-4665, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3233/jifs-222334
  • Journal Name: Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.4653-4665
  • Keywords: Fuzzy sets, picture fuzzy sets, similarity measure, medical diagnosis, decision making
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: Yes


Picture fuzzy sets are a direct extension of fuzzy sets and intuitionistic fuzzy sets, recently developed as a mathematical tool for solving uncertainty-related problems. In this paper, a novel similarity measure and corresponding weighted similarity measure between two picture fuzzy sets are proposed after indicating some disadvantages of the current similarity measures of picture fuzzy sets through some exemplary numerical examples. Also, some of their basic properties are discussed. Further, a picture fuzzy decision making algorithm based on the similarity aggregation method is constructed and then applied to the decision making problem. It is also used to deal with a medical diagnosis problem to detect which disease a patient may be suffering from. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed similarity measure is demonstrated by making comparison with the present picture fuzzy similarity measures.