Design of Efficient Methods for the Detection of Tomato Leaf Disease Utilizing Proposed Ensemble CNN Model

Ulutaş H., Aslantaş V.

Electronics (Switzerland), vol.12, no.4, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/electronics12040827
  • Journal Name: Electronics (Switzerland)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: CNN, deep learning, fine tuning, hyperparameter optimization, tomato disease, ensemble learning
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: Yes


Early diagnosis of plant diseases is of vital importance since they cause social, ecological, and economic losses. Therefore, it is highly complex and causes excessive workload and time loss. Within the scope of this article, nine tomato plant leaf diseases as well as healthy ones were classified using deep learning with new ensemble architectures. A total of 18.160 images were used for this process. In this study, in addition to the proposed two new convolutional neural networks (CNN) models, four other well-known CNN models (MobileNetV3Small, EfficientNetV2L, InceptionV3 and MobileNetV2) are used. A fine-tuning method is applied to the newly proposed CNNs models and then hyperparameter optimization is performed with the particle swarm optimization algorithm (PSO). Then, the weights of these architectures are optimized by the grid search method and triple and quintuple ensemble models are created and the datasets are classified with the help of the five-fold cross-validation. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed ensemble models stand out with their fast training and testing time and superior classification performances with an accuracy of 99.60%. This research will help experts enable the early detection of plant diseases in a simple and quick manner and prevent the formation of new infections.