Cost and profitability analysis of tomato production in the greenhouse in highland conditions: a case study of Burdur Province, Turkey

Gül M., Topçu F., Kadakoğlu B., Şirikçi B. S.

Custos e Agronegocio, vol.17, no.3, pp.160-175, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Journal Name: Custos e Agronegocio
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.160-175
  • Keywords: Tomato, Greenhouse, Economic analysis, Production cost, Profitability
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: No


This study aims to determine the production costs and profitability of the farmers’ greenhouses tomato production in highland conditions in Burdur province. Burdur province was chosen as the research area because Turkey was an important region for the widely carried out greenhouse tomato production highland conditions. The study’s data were determined by the stratified random sampling method obtained by the survey method from 77 farms producing tomato in the Gölhisar and Çavdır district of Burdur province. The production data set includes data for 2019. According to the research findings, the average production cost per decare was calculated to be 17170.56 TRY. The share of variable costs was 76.89% within the production costs, and the share of fixed costs was 23.11%. It was determined that the unit sale price of tomato was 0.98 TRY. The gross production value (GPV) of tomato in the region was calculated as 18924.77 TRY/da, gross profit 5721.52 TRY/da, and net profit 1754.20 TRY/da. The unit cost of tomato in the region was 0.89 TRY. The relative profit was determined as 1.12 TRY. As a result of the research, as the greenhouse tomato production areas increase, the fixed costs decreased per decare. Also, it was determined that as the greenhouse tomato production areas increased, the profitability rates per decare and the tomato kilogram sales prices increased.