4th Annual International Conference on Nursing, ATİNA, Greece, 7 - 10 May 2018, pp.52-53
Factors Affecting Professional Behavior and Attitude in Intensive Care Nurses
Aim: This study was conducted as a descriptive study aiming to determine the factors affecting the professional behavior and attitude of intensive care nurses.
Material and Method: The research was carried out between 21.09.2017 and 08.10.2017 with the participation of 147 nurses who were working in the intensive care unit of a university hospital and who agreed to participate in the research. The data were collected using a 23-item questionnaire form prepared in line with the literature by the researchers for determining the sociodemographic and working life characteristics of nurses and Professional Attitude at Occupation Inventory. Professional Attitude at Occupation Inventory is a unidimensional inventory which was developed by Erbil and Bakır (2006), which is composed of the questions for determining the attitudes of the nurses towards vocational education and development, interpersonal relations and approach to problems. The lowest score that can be obtained from this scale is 32 while the highest score is 160. As the score obtained from the inventory gets higher, the professionalism level is considered to get higher as well. Percentage estimation, the Mann Whitney U test and Kruskall Wallis test were used for the assessment of the data.
Findings: It was determined that, of the participating nurses, 89.1% were female, 10.9% were male nurses, 64.6% were married, 77.6% had undergraduate degree, 93.2% had nuclear family, 68.7% had equal income to their expense, 93.2% worked as a clinic nurse, 65.3 had the working experience of 1-10 years, 63.9% worked as staffed, 57.1% loved their profession and 51% were partially satisfied with the clinic in which s/he was working. In this study, the mean of the Professional Attitude at Occupation Inventory total score of the nurses was determined to be 134.7 ± 15.7. A statistically significant association was found between the Professional Attitude at Occupation Inventory total score of the nurses and some occupational characteristics (p <0.001). Professionalism level was determined to be higher in the intensive unit nurses who had training on ethics after graduation and whose working life period was between 21 and 30 years.
Conclusion: In line with the findings obtained from this study, the
intensive care nurses' professionalism levels associated with vocational
education and development, interpersonal relationships and approach to
problems were identified to be quite high.