Metamaterial sensor application concrete material reinforced with carbon steel fiber

Dalgac S., KARADAĞ F., ÜNAL E., Ozkaner V., BAKIR M., AKGÖL O., ...More

MODERN PHYSICS LETTERS B, vol.34, no.10, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1142/s0217984920500979
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Chemical Abstracts Core, INSPEC, zbMATH
  • Keywords: Metamaterial, sensor, concrete, carbon steel fiber
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: Yes


In this paper, a rectangular split ring resonator-type metamaterial (MTM) sensor application is demonstrated in order to examine concrete materials. First, different types of concrete materials including carbon steel fiber with the purity ratio of 0.5%, 1% and 1.5% were prepared by using cement and water and their electrical properties were determined via Nicolson-Ross-Weir tehcnique. After that, compatible MTM-based sensor structure was designed and proposed. In order to find out the effect of the humidity on the concrete material, all samples were kept in the water pool for 28 days, the samples were then taken out and the temperature effect on the concrete materials was observed by increasing the heat up to 30 degrees and 70 degrees in the oven. The simulated resonance frequency shifts were observed at 910 MHz for concrete material sensor, 120 MHz for humidity sensor validation and 400 MHz for temperature sensor applications. By having large bandwidth in different fiber contents and validating the physical sensor applications as temperature and humidity, it was shown that the proposed study has novelty in the area of MTM-based sensor applications when it is compared with current state-of-the-art.