Influence of Oral Tradition on Conks


ERDAL T.

MILLI FOLKLOR, no.111, pp.52-65, 2016 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 111
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Title of Journal : MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Page Numbers: pp.52-65

Abstract

How come a culture without the appliance in which thoughts are stored as visual properties became a "culture", or developed a culture? How shall one who solves a complicated problem by thinking in the oral culture recall a thought of several hundreds of words that contains the solution of this problem in order to solve the same problem later? The most important property separating the oral culture and written culture from each other is the "memory" in this sense. While the oral culture takes its power from memory, the written culture does not need such power. Texts, already existing in the written culture, are considered enough to help recalling. A strong relationship can be cited between to recall and to know. It is possible to see the projections of the concepts of "memory-storage-memorising" in the handwritten works. In this context, reflections of the "Ottoman poetry" comprised as a result of the impact of the approaches of the written culture on conks (a kind of antology in Turkish literature) originated as a result of the impact of the oral culture will be examined. From this perspective, the conks, the written texts comprised with the intellect of the oral culture, can be said to be "liminal" texts between the areas of the written and oral cultures. Processing the conks, the products of the written culture, with the oral culture causes the conks to be seen as "liminal texts", in other words, "transition texts". In this article, these poems, thought to be produced with the understanding of the oral culture, will be re-evaluated in the context of the "oral formula theory". For this purpose, the oral-formula-based pattern nature of the conks will be addressed, and the impacts of the oral culture perception of the writers of the studied conks on the written culture will be detected. The pattern expressions, the elements of measure and rhyme will be discussed in the contexts of memorization and memory under the focus of the effort of formal constitution. The impacts of the conk writers on the conks such as "memorization forgetting-memory-storage-arbitrariness-admiration" will be examined. In addition to these, the degree of orality versus written culture of the conks and the handwritten works identified by Walter J. Ong will be compared. In this way, the general features of the conks will be evaluated within the frame of orality and writtenness.