The influence of n-pentanol blending with gasoline on performance, combustion, and emission behaviors of an SI engine


Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jestch.2021.03.009
  • Title of Journal : Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal


© 2021 Karabuk UniversityThis experimental research deals with the characteristic work on the performance, combustion, and exhaust pollutants for unleaded gasoline mixed with n-pentanol in the proportion of 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% (by vol.) of the total quantity. The trials were performed on a 1-cylinder, 4-stroke, water-cooled, port-fuel injection (PFI) spark-ignition (SI) engine loading an AC active dynamometer so as to scrutinize the aforementioned behaviors of n-pentanol. The test fuels (unleaded gasoline, Pt5, Pt10, Pt15, and Pt20) were experimented with at various loads ranging from 1 kW to 5 kW with intervals of 1 kW under 1600 rpm fixed speed. The findings coming from the tests exhibited that the infusion of n-pentanol to gasoline has caused to reducing the HC, CO, CO2, and NO emissions in contrast to the baseline gasoline however, O2 levels were observed to be higher. At all of the engine loads, n-pentanol blends exhibited an improvement in BTE when compared with gasoline by reason of the inherent oxygen concentration of used alcohol. As hoped, the peak in-cylinder pressure and apparent heat release rate (HRR) values for the tested fuel blends were found to be higher than that of UG test fuel. It is to be noticed that the higher-order alcohol namely n-pentanol may be used as a partial replacement for gasoline fuel in the SI engine applications according to the experimental outcomes.