GYNECOLOGIC AND OBSTETRIC INVESTIGATION, vol.86, pp.200-207, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)
Objectives: The duration of the latent period is uncertain in preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). This time estimate provides information on the time of the corticosteroid to be applied and the time of delivery of the pregnant women. Here, we used transvaginal sonography to determine the relationship between the uterocervical angle (UCA) and PPROM latency and the risk for neonatal complications. Design: This is a prospective cohort study of 80 singleton pregnancies with PPROM. Participants/Materials, Setting, and Methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted at a tertiary center with a total of 80 singleton pregnancies with PPROM. The UCA and cervical length were measured in the first evaluation of PPROM in patients between 24 and 34 weeks of age. The study population was subdivided into 2 groups: group 1 (n = 27) included women who gave birth within 10 days after a PPROM diagnosis and group 2 (n = 53) included women who gave birth later than this. Our aim was latency prediction (more or less than 10 days) in PPROM patients undergoing regular UCA monitoring. Results: Of the women in group 1, 74.1% (n = 20) had spontaneous births and 7.4% (n = 2) had induced births because of clinical chorioamnionitis. Of the women in group 2, 71.6% (n = 38) had spontaneous births and 7.6% (n = 4) had induced births because of clinical chorioamnionitis (n = 3) or poor fetal condition (n = 1). We drew receiver operating characteristic curves to explore whether the UCA predicted birth within 10 days of PPROM. The area under the curve was 0.894 (p < 0.001). The optimal UCA cutoff was 108 degrees, with 93% sensitivity and 85% specificity. Limitations: First, the sample size was small; it would have been better to have more patients. Second, we measured the UCA only once. Third, patients were not categorized by parity. Conclusions: The UCA, measured by the transvaginal route, can successfully predict latent period in PPROM. Measuring the UCA can be useful to determine the time of corticosteroid administration and to inform patients about the time of birth.