Comparison of topical anesthetic effects of lidocaine, prilocaine, ropivacaine, and bupivacaine in transnasal fiberoptic nasopharyngolaryngoscopy

Ozkiris M., Aydin R., Gencer Z. K., Saydam L.

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RHINOLOGY & ALLERGY, vol.28, no.3, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Background: This study was designed to investigate the topical anesthetic efficacy of four different solutions including lidocaine spray, bupivacaine, ropivacaine, and prilocaine used in patients undergoing transnasal fiberoptic nasopharyngolaryngoscopic examination (TFL).