Comparison of topical anesthetic effects of lidocaine, prilocaine, ropivacaine, and bupivacaine in transnasal fiberoptic nasopharyngolaryngoscopy


Ozkiris M., Aydin R., Gencer Z. K. , Saydam L.

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RHINOLOGY & ALLERGY, vol.28, no.3, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.2500/ajra.2014.28.4028
  • Title of Journal : AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RHINOLOGY & ALLERGY

Abstract

Background: This study was designed to investigate the topical anesthetic efficacy of four different solutions including lidocaine spray, bupivacaine, ropivacaine, and prilocaine used in patients undergoing transnasal fiberoptic nasopharyngolaryngoscopic examination (TFL).