Geochemical characteristics of The Emet (Espey-Hisarcik) borate deposits, Kutahya, Turkey

Kocak I., Koc S.

JOURNAL OF AFRICAN EARTH SCIENCES, vol.142, pp.52-63, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Nearly 72% world's borate reserves are in western part of Turkey. The Emet (Kutahya) deposit is one of these deposits. The Emet borate deposit, like other deposits in western Anatolia, was deposited in Miocene lacustrine environment whose formation coincides with volcanic activity started in Paleogene and lasted to the beginning of Quaternary. The borate ore displaying lenticular structure is alternated with claystone, marl, tuff and thin bedded limestone. The mineral paragenesis is composed of colemanite, hydroboracite, Veatchite, dolomite, calcite, montmorillonite and illite.& para;& para;The Emet borate deposit has been the subject of various geologic and mineralogical studies. In the present study major and trace element contents of 60 borate samples from this deposit are discussed. Among the trace elements, significant enrichment was found in As, Se, Sr, Cs, Sb and Li. Element correlations indicate volcanic source for boron (exhalations and hydrothermal solutions) whilst other elements are found to be derived from a terrestrial source. According to REE data, high Ce concentrations and anomalies are generally indicative of oxygenated depositional environment whilst low Ce contents facilitated the lake waters to be low oxygenated as a result of H2S-rich hydrothermal solutions. The weak negative anomaly detected only in the Hisarcik region is attributed to lacking of Eu contribution to the lake due to insufficient alteration on the continent. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.