Severe heterotopic ossification in the non-affected limbs of a hemiplegic patient with traumatic brain injury

Kesikburun S., Köroǧlu Omaç Ö., Yaşar E., Hazneci B., Alaca R.

Brain Injury, vol.25, no.1, pp.127-129, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/02699052.2010.536198
  • Journal Name: Brain Injury
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.127-129
  • Keywords: complications, Heterotopic ossification, traumatic brain injury
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: No


Background/objective: Heterotopic ossification characterized by new bone formation in the periarticular regions of large joints in patients with neurologic injury most commonly occurs on the neurologically involved side. This study presents a very rare localization of heterotopic ossification that developed in the non-paretic limbs of a hemiplegic patient with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Case report: A 25-year-old left hemiplegic male with TBI due to a gunshot wound was admitted to the rehabilitation centre after a 2.5-month period of coma in the intensive care unit. He had limited range of motion accompanied by pain in the bilateral hip, bilateral elbow and right knee joints. Neurological examination revealed upper motor neuron lesions only on the left side in neurological exam. Plain radiographs of the involved joints revealed bilateral heterotopic ossification, which was more severe on the non-paretic side. Discussion: Clinicians should keep in mind that heterotopic ossification can occur in non-hemiplegic extremities as well as hemiplegic extremities in patients with TBI in whom the extent of neurologic damage cannot be definitely established. © 2011 Informa UK Ltd.