Composition, temperature and geometric dependent hysteresis behaviours in Ising-type segmented nanowire with magnetic and diluted magnetic, and its soft/hard magnetic characteristics


Kantar E.

PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, vol.97, no.6, pp.431-450, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 97 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/14786435.2016.1262972
  • Title of Journal : PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.431-450

Abstract

In this paper, a theoretical approach to evaluate the hysteresis behaviours of Ising-type segmented nanowire (ISN) comprising magnetic and diluted magnetic segments is defined. The dependency to the system parameters are calculated for optimising their performance in applications like magnetic sensors or recording media. The effects of the composition (p) and temperature (T) as well as crystal field on the hysteresis behaviours are investigated in detail. We studied the effect of the segment dimensions obtained from the exchange interactions. The coercivity (H-C) and remanence (M-r) of the ISN are derived from hysteresis loops. The phase diagrams are presented in the different planes as function of H-C and M-r to investigate the magnetic characteristics of the ISN. Under certain conditions, namely p = 0 and J(D) = 0, we also examined the effect of temperature on the nanowire with magnetic and non-magnetic segments. The distinct hysteresis properties and soft/hard the magnetic characteristics depending upon these factors are observed. We found that the magnetic hardness decreases case as the temperatures increase as well as p and crystal field (Delta) decrease. Moreover, when the p increase and Delta decrease the triple hysteresis loop behaviour occurs in the system. Comparisons between the observed theoretical results and some experimental works of nanowire with hysteresis behaviours are made and a very good agreement is obtained.