Ability of Bedside Ultrasonography to Detect Pediatric Nasal Bone Fractures


GÖKÇEN E. , SAVRUN A., KUŞDOĞAN M. , ÇALTEKİN İ. , ALBAYRAK L. , ATİK D. , ...More

LARYNGOSCOPE, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/lary.29168
  • Title of Journal : LARYNGOSCOPE

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis The aims of this study were to evaluate the diagnostic test features of bedside ultrasonography in pediatric patients with nasal trauma and to investigate whether it is a preferable alternative method to conventional radiography (CR). Study Design Cross-sectional prospective study. Methods This prospective study was conducted from March 1, 2019, through November 1, 2019. Thirty-one patients under the age of 18 years who had nasal trauma were consecutively included. CR and ultrasonographic imaging tests were investigated in patients with clinical indications for nasal bone fracture. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of ultrasonography and CR were calculated with respect to detecting nasal fractures according to the gold standard method. Results Participants were between 3 and 16 years old and the median age was 8 (5-13) years. Nasal bone fracture was clinically detected in 18 patients. While 13 of these fractures were detected with ultrasonography, only 11 were also detected with CR. The sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography and CR in detecting nasal fractures were 72.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 46.5-90.3) and 76.9% (95% CI: 46.2-95.0) for ultrasonography and 61.1% (95% CI: 35.8-82.7) and 69.2% (95% CI: 38.6-90.9) for CR. Conclusions According to the results of this study, ultrasonography may be used with confidence as a first imaging method in the investigation of nasal fractures, particularly with consideration for avoiding the effects of radiation as much as possible. Our findings point to the next step of conducting trials with a greater number of patients in order to define the diagnostic test features of ultrasonography in pediatric patients. Level of Evidence 2Laryngoscope, 2020