in: Studies on Balkan and Near Eastern Social Sciences: Volume 5, Rasim Yilmaz / Günther Löschnigg, Editor, Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., Berlin, pp.159-169, 2021
Ever since humankind started living in groups, it has always been a leader who led that group. After the industrial revolution, studies on leadership in social sciences started to increase and has been one of the main topics studied in social sciences in the 20th century. Although there are many definitions of leadership, these definitions have changed slightly according to the conditions of the period and leadership theory approaches although they are basically the same. Until the mid-1900s, the general belief was that leadership was shaped by innate talents, but after the 1950s, the view that leadership was related to people’s behavior was dominant. With the technological developments, globalization and changes in the industrial field, leadership types and definitions started to differ after the 1980s and leadership was mostly shaped according to the current situation and behavior. Especially in the leadership types that started to enter the literature after the 1980s, the interaction of the leader with the members of the organization, whether in formal or informal organizations, is at the forefront.
The first studies on the concept of social intelligence started in the 1920s with Thorndike’s definition of social intelligence as understanding people and acting skillfully in human relations. Until recently, social intelligence has been generally evaluated within the scope of emotional intelligence and has been the subject of studies as a sub-dimension of emotional intelligence. Daniel Goleman, one of the leading researchers in the field of emotional intelligence, also named social intelligence as public intelligence. The intensive experience of interaction both in social media and in face-to-face relationships reveals the importance of people’s relationships with other people.
In this study, doctoral and master’s theses on leadership and social intelligence, which are published in the field of business administration and are found at the thesis center of the Higher Educational Board of Turkey, were examined. Two doctoral theses and 2 master’s theses covering leadership and social intelligence in the field of business administration were determined in the browsing. In the following sections, after the literature review on leadership and social intelligence, the theses in the field were examined.