JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY, vol.47, no.2, pp.404-407, 2012 (SCI-Expanded)
We describe an extremely rare case of a complete fistula, a combination of the first 2 branchial arches as a component of branchiootorenal syndrome. A 13-year-old girl presented with the complaint of intermittent drainage from bilateral preauricular and right lower neck external openings. A contrast fistulogram revealed a complete fistula. Diagnostic features and surgical techniques are discussed in detail. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.