The effect of medullary fill on varus collapse in AO 31A3 intertrochanteric (reverse obliquity) fracture treated with cephalomedullary nails

Durusoy S., Paksoy A. E., Korkmaz M., Daglar B., Elibol F. K. E.

ORTHOPAEDICS & TRAUMATOLOGY-SURGERY & RESEARCH, vol.107, no.3, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Objective: Cephalomedullary nails are tools commonly used for surgical fixation in proximal femoral fractures. The most common complications in their use are varus collapse and screw cutout of the femoral head. The objective of this study is to examine the effects of intramedullary nail movement on varus collapse and screw cutout. Materials and methods: The study was conducted on 70 composite femur models treated with PFNA. We divided the femurs into 4 groups based on the differences in nail diameter, fracture type and filling of the distal intramedullary area. All femurs were exposed to axial cyclic loading. Each femur was examined in terms of intramedullary nail movement and amount of erosions in femoral medulla [amount of erosion in femoral head (FT distance), amount of erosion in femoral neck (FB distance), amount of erosion in trochanteric major (TB distance) and expansion of trochanter tip (TT distance)]. Results: We found that degree of nail movement in the intramedullary region was inversely correlated with nail diameter and directly correlated with instability of fracture. One of the parameters used to evaluate varus development, FB distance, was affected by the degree of intramedullary nail movement and fracture type. TB distance was affected by nail diameter. Conclusions: Nail diameter and fracture type are effective in intramedullary nail movement. Varus collapse progress is accelerated by the increase in nail movement in the intramedullary region. Thus, we conclude that it is important to strengthen diaphyseal adherence, which decreases intramedullary movement of the nail. Level of evidence: III; well-design case control study. ? 2021 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.