Simultaneous bilateral spontaneous pneumomediastinum and pneumothorax in a cannabis user

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VURAL S., Zeytin A. T., Kaya S., Ozturk B.

EMERGENCY CARE JOURNAL, vol.15, no.1, pp.38-40, 2019 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.4081/ecj.2019.7890
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Page Numbers: pp.38-40
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: Yes


Cannabis - the most commonly used illegal drug - also has some medical applications. Cannabis is being legalised more and more in the Western world, however it is not a safe substance as many people think. It can cause detrimental acute and chronic lung injuries such as bullous lung disease, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, pulmonary emphysema. A clear mechanism for acute pulmonary pathologies has not been established, but pneumothorax and/or pneumomediastinum can be considered as a typical presentation in cannabis users. We present a cannabis user case with simultaneous pneumomediastinum and bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax.