Epilepsies are a diverse group of neurological disorders characterized by an unprovoked seizure and a brain that has an enduring predisposition to seizures. The lack of disease-modifying treatment strategies against the same has led to the exploration of novel treatment strategies that could halt epileptic seizures. In this regard, environmental enrichment (EE) has gained increased attention in recent days. EE modulates the effects of interactions between the genes and the environment on the structure and function of the brain. EE therapy can improve seizure-related symptoms in neurological diseases such as epilepsy. EE therapy can have a significant effect on cognitive disorders such as learning and memory impairments associated with seizures. EE therapy in epileptic hippocampus tissue can improve seizure-related symptoms by inducing enhanced neurogenesis and neuroprotective mechanisms. In this context, the efficiency of EE is regulated in the epilepsy by the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway regulated by extracellular signaling. Herein, we provide experimental evidence supporting the beneficial effects of EE in epileptic seizures and its underlying mechanism. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.