In this article, the thermal conductivity of concrete with vermiculite is determined and also predicted by using artificial neural networks approaches, namely the radial basis neural network and multi-layer perceptron. In these models, 20 datasets were used. For the training set, 12 datasets (60%) were randomly selected, and the residual datasets (8 datasets, 40%) were selected as the test set. The root mean square error, the mean absolute error, and determination coefficient statistics are used as evaluation criteria of the models, and the experimental results are compared with these models. It is found that the radial basis neural network model is superior to the other models.