A Study on the Perfectionist Personality Traits and Empathic Tendencies of Working and Non-working Adolescents across Different Variables


Akyol A. K. , SALI G.

KURAM VE UYGULAMADA EGITIM BILIMLERI, vol.13, no.4, pp.2032-2042, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.12738/estp.2013.4.1861
  • Title of Journal : KURAM VE UYGULAMADA EGITIM BILIMLERI
  • Page Numbers: pp.2032-2042

Abstract

This study was conducted with the goal of examining the perfectionist personality traits and empathic tendencies of adolescents between the ages of 15 and 17. The study group consisted of 531 children attending a vocational education center and two general high schools located in the city center of Kayseri, Turkey. Data for this study were collected by means of a "General Information Form," the "Child and Adolescent KA-SI Empathic Tendency Scale -Adolescent Form," and the "Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale". In analyzing the data, an analysis of variance (ANOVA), LSD test, Pearson correlation test, and progressive multiple regression analysis were conducted. The results of the study indicate that work status appears to be a factor behind the statistically significant differences in favor of non-working students in the order sub-dimension of perfectionism and in favor of working adolescents in the sub-dimensions of excessive concern over mistakes and family criticism, whereas difference in gender appeared to be factor behind the statistically significant difference observed in favor of females in the order sub-dimension of perfectionism (p <.01). It was also found that work status, gender, and age appeared to be behind the statistically significant differences in the following sub-dimensions, respectively: in favor of non-working adolescents for cognitive empathy, in favor of females in the sub-dimension of empathic tendency and total empathy score, and in favor of students aged 17 for cognitive empathy and in the total empathy score (p<.01). The results of the regression analysis show that the sub-dimension of order on the adolescents' perfectionism scale help to predict their emotional empathy, cognitive empathy, and total empathy tendencies both meaningfully and in a positive direction.