Feeding Behavior and Nutrition Education in Primary School Students: A School-Based Study


KILIÇ M. , UZUNÇAKMAK T.

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND ANALYTICAL MEDICINE, vol.6, pp.315-319, 2015 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.4328/jcam.3075
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND ANALYTICAL MEDICINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.315-319

Abstract

Aim: This study of nutrition education given to primary school students was conducted to determine the effects of feeding behavior. Material and Method: This is an intervention study. Research was made at elementary schools located in the center of the province of Yozgat among 6 grade students in 2012-2013. Students were divided into 2 groups by random. Students in the intervention (n=305) and control (n=233) groups were administered a questionnaire prepared by the researcher feeding behaviors. Nutrition surveys in the intervention group after the application of the selected class are given a standardized nutrition education by intern nurses. In data analysis, the dependent and independent samples Student's t-test, ANOVA for repeated measures multivariate analysis (repeated multiple general model), chisquare, correlation and regression analysis were used. Results: Seventy-one percent point nine of the students usually make breakfast before coming school, 24.5% often bring food to school, 79.4% have at least 3 meals a day, %41.3 at least 2 times eating something between meals. After a year of this habit of the students (49.3% increases in the frequency of eating something between meals) as well as a reduction of approximately 10% was determined. In the study, positive and negative eating behavior could not gain the desired level of behavior change with the education given in schools to students. However, the decline in average scores positive eating behaviors, the intervention group (d=3.5) than in the control group (d=6.4) were found to be less. Discussion: Education is an important method meets the information needs of individuals, but is insufficient in creating behavior change in a short time.