Graft copolymerization of n-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone on dimethyl sulfoxide pretreated poly(ethylene terephthalate) films using azobisisobutyronitrile initiator


ÜNAL H. İ. , COŞKUN R. , Şanli O., Yigitoglu M.

Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol.64, no.7, pp.1437-1444, 1997 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 64 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 1997
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Applied Polymer Science
  • Page Numbers: pp.1437-1444

Abstract

Poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) films were grafted with n-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone (n-VP) using an azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) initiator. Films were pretreated in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) for 1 h at 140°C before the polymerization reaction was carried out. Variations of graft yield with time, temperature, initiator, and monomer concentrations were investigated. The optimum temperature and polymerization time was found to be 70°C and 4 h, respectively. Increasing monomer concentration from 0.28 to 1.22M and initiator concentration from 1.77 × 10-3 to 4.20 × 10-3M enhanced the percent grafting. The effects of monomer and initiator diffusion on PET films were also studied. The overall activation energy for grafting was calculated as 11.5 kcal/mol. Further changes in properties of PET films such as water-absorption capacity and intrinsic viscosity were determined. The grafted films were characterized with FTIR and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). © 1997 John Willey & Sons, Inc.