Observation of State and Topology in DC Networks

Altun T., Madani R., Davoudi A.

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, vol.36, no.2, pp.879-890, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tpwrs.2020.3015426
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.879-890
  • Keywords: Voltage measurement, Topology, Network topology, State estimation, Current measurement, Matrix converters, Convex optimization, DC network, state estimation, topology identification
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: Yes


This paper copes with the state estimation and topology identification problems in direct current (DC) networks. This problem is challenging due to binary decisions and nonlinear relations between sensor measurements and state variables. We introduce a non-convex nuclear norm estimator whose non-convexity is addressed by incorporating two inertia terms. In the presence of noise, penalty terms are integrated into the objective function to estimate unknown noise values. Numerical results for the modified IEEE 9-bus, 14-bus, and 30-bus systems corroborate the merits of the proposed technique. Furthermore, this technique is experimentally validated for a converter-augmented 14-bus system in a real-time hardware-in-the-loop platform.