A cross-sectional study on the personality traits of episodic and chronic migraine patients

Albayrak G. S., SAÇMACI H., ALBAYRAK L., BOZKURT G., Karaaslan Ö., İnan L. E.

Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, vol.227, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 227
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2023.107641
  • Journal Name: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Migraine, Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory, Personality traits, Hysteria
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Migraine, is a common neurological disorder that may be associated with certain personality traits. This study aims to identify and compare the personality traits accompanying the clinical and sociodemographic profiles in migraine groups. Methods: The study included a cohort of chronic, episodic migraine (CM - EM) and healthy controls (HC). Migraine was diagnosed according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders-3β criteria. Age, gender, migraine-related disease duration, number of days with a headache each month, and headache intensity of the patients were recorded. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) was used to determine personality traits. Results: The study groups were similar in terms of sociodemographic characteristics (70 CM, 70 EM, and 70 HC). The visual analog scale (VAS) score was significantly higher in CM (p < 0.05). No statistically significant difference was found between the groups concerning symptoms of migraine such as osmophobia, photophobia, phonophobia, and nausea (p > 0.05). When the personality traits were examined, the mean scores of the MMPI test results of migraine patients were found to be higher than healthy controls in line personality disorders (p < 0.05 for all personality traits). In CM patients, the ‘hysteria’ score was found to be higher in subgroup evaluation (p < 0.05). Conclusion: EM and CM patients had more evidence of personality disorders than healthy controls. CM patients had higher hysteria scores than EM patients. In addition to pain treatment, determining personality traits and providing appropriate management with a multidisciplinary approach can benefit both in terms of treatment, cost, and time.