The Effects of Rapamycin and 3-Methyladenine on Nitric Oxide Synthase Enzymes in Cisplatin-Induced Neurotoxicity


KAYMAK E., KARABULUT D., Ozturk E. , AKİN A. T. , YAKAN B.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY, vol.39, no.2, pp.659-666, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.4067/s0717-95022021000200659
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.659-666
  • Keywords: Antioxidant, Cisplatin, Rapamycin, 3-Methyladenine, Nitric oxide, CEREBRAL ISCHEMIA/REPERFUSION INJURY, OXIDATIVE STRESS, INDUCED NEPHROTOXICITY, BRAIN, ACTIVATION, AUTOPHAGY, MECHANISMS, EXPRESSION, HEPATOTOXICITY, APOPTOSIS

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of autophagy-enhancing rapamycin (RAPA) and autophagy-inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) with Nitric oxide synthases (NOS) in Cisplatin (CIS)-induced neurotoxicity in rats. Rats were divided into 4 groups (n=10): Control was applied saline, CIS (a single dose of 8mg/kg intraperitoneal (i.p.) on 7th day of experiment), RAPA+CIS (2 mg/kg/i.p. RAPA per day and 8 mg/kg/i.p. CIS on 7th day), 3-MA+CIS (15 mg/kg/i.p. 3-MA per day and 8 mg/kg/i.p. CIS on 7th day). Rats were sacrificed under anesthesia. Brain tissues were evaluated histopathologically. eNOS, Inos, nNOS and MAP 2 immunostaining were performed to determine the expression levels of these proteins among groups. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT), Malondialdehyde (MDA) and Interleukin IL-6 levels in brain tissue and serum nitric oxide (NO) level were measured by ELISA assay. In histopathological evaluation, neurodegeneration was seen in the CIS group. There was an increase in eNOS, iNOS and nNOS immunostaining in CIS group. While MAP2 immunostaining of the CIS group decreased. There was a decrease in SOD and CAT levels of brain tissue in CIS group. However, there was an increase in MDA, IL-6 and NO levels of brain tissue in CIS group. We found that antioxidant capacity increase while, inflammation and nitric oxide levels decreased in the RAPA-treated group. 3-MA does not have a significant effect. We suggest that CIS-induced neurotoxicity is more effective than Rapa 3-MA and may also be linked to NOS enzymes.