A green approach for the preparation of nanostructured zinc oxide: Characterization and promising antibacterial behaviour

Tasdemir A., Aydin R., Akkaya A., Akman N., Altinay Y., Cetin H., ...More

CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, vol.47, no.14, pp.19362-19373, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 14
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2021.03.273
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.19362-19373
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: Yes


In the present study, nanostructured zinc oxide (ZnO) films have been successfully synthesized using fruit extract of Viburnum opulus L. (VO) on glass slides by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) procedure. The impact of VO concentrations on the structural, morphological, optical, electrical, and antibacterial attributes of ZnO films has been investigated in detail. The samples' XRD patterns present a hexagonal crystal structure with a preferential orientation along the (002) plane. The crystallite size values of ZnO samples were found to be in the ranges from 14.88 to 9.23 nm. The supplementation of VO to the synthesis solution remarkably affected the surface morphological features of the ZnO films. The optical results demonstrated that band gap energy values of the ZnO films at room temperature were decreased from 3.20 to 3.07 eV as a function of VO content in the bath solution. The films' electrical properties were determined by impedance analysis in the frequency range of 20 Hz -1 MHz. Impedance-frequency measurements showed VO insertion to ZnO thin films cause an increase in impedance value at the low frequencies. Cole-Cole plots with a single semi-circle confirmed the contribution of grain and grain boundary for the electrical conduction process. The agar disk diffusion method was used to test the antibacterial properties of ZnO/VO inserted ZnO and inhibition zones were measured. VO inserted ZnO showed a stronger inhibitory effect on gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) and gramnegative bacteria Escherichia coli (ATCC 35218) than ampicillin antibiotic used as a control group. In line with the promising bactericidal results of a new generation, VO inserted ZnO, the nanostructured product with this study, it can also be applied in multidrug-resistant clinical isolates obtained from patients.