The Istitrad Evaluation in The Novel of Ahmet Metin and Sirzad of Ahmet Midhat Efendi

Creative Commons License


BILIG, no.88, pp.205-226, 2019 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 88
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.12995/bilig.526996
  • Journal Name: BILIG
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.205-226
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: Yes


Ahmet Mithat Efendi is a writer who made education and training the basis of the art of novel. Interrupting the course of events in the novel, he transforms to an immediate event, object or issue and starts to talk about them and later on he continues to write through the main flow of the novel. This "istitrad" technique was most widely used in his work Ahmet Metin and Sirzad. The six main types of the art of "istitrad" are: 1. Knowledge on positivisms and humanity, 2. Knowledge on seamanship and shipping, 3. Places reached and seen, 4. Knowledge on values of Turkish-Ottoman and Islamic civilizations, 5. Knowledge on European civilization, 6. Issues related to education and training. Ahmet Metin and Sirzad has been an important work of him in that it reflects the highest point of knowledge Ahmet Mithat Efendi reached from the first work he published in 1870 to the publication of this work in 1891. The art of "istitrad" he used in this work explains what Ottoman intellectuals were to know in 1890s as well.