Measurement of 'closeness' and Distinguishability of the Quantum States in Yang-Baxter Systems


DURAN D.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS, vol.60, no.8, pp.3087-3102, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10773-021-04888-9
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.3087-3102
  • Keywords: Fidelity, Trace distance, Yang-Baxter equations, Hamiltonian systems, BODY PROBLEM, ENTANGLEMENT, TELEPORTATION, INEQUALITIES, COMPUTATION, FIDELITY

Abstract

Under the actions of different Hamiltonians on the different two-qubit input states by using the quantum Yang-Baxterization approach, we investigate the behaviors of the fidelity and the trace distance as measures of 'closeness' and distinguishability of two quantum states. The results show that the fidelity that is the main figure of merit for any communication and computing process can be kept to high values depending on the choice of the initial states and the Hamiltonians constructed by the Yang-Baxter equation. On the other hand, by choosing the initial states and Yang-Baxter systems which are the various extensions of the Yang-Baxter equations for several matrices, these quantifiers can be adjusted as desired to achieve many quantum computing and computational tasks. Furthermore, to quantify the performance of quantum teleportation we examine the teleportation fidelity for the outputs that correspond to the different two-qubit X-type states under the actions of the different Hamiltonians. It is possible to obtain high fidelity to use the quantum teleportation process.