Effects of sowing ratio and harvest periods on hay yields, quality and competitive characteristics of Hungarian vetch - cereal mixtures

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ACAR Z., Gulumser E., Asci O. O., Basaran U., Mut H., AYAN İ.

LEGUME RESEARCH, vol.40, no.4, pp.677-683, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.18805/lr.v0i0.8411
  • Journal Name: LEGUME RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.677-683
  • Keywords: Cereal hays, Competition, Hungarian vetch, Intercropping, Yield, COMMON VETCH, BARLEY, INTERCROPS, TRITICALE, INDEXES, RATES, PEA
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: No


Since Hungarian vetch has semi-decumbent stem, it is commonly grown in mixture to prevent lodging of plants. Hungarian vetch, barley, wheat and triticale were sown as pure and in vetch-cereal mixtures (70:30, 60:40, 50:50, 40:60) and harvested at two periods (pure cereals and mixtures were harvested at flowering and milk-dough stage of cereals; pure vetch was harvested at flowering and initial pod-set). Barley in all mixtures had negative impacts on development of Hungarian vetch. Considering hay yields, crude protein yields and land equivalent ratios, it was concluded that 70% Hungarian vetch + 30% triticale and 60% Hungarian vetch + 40% triticale mixtures under terrestrial climate sown in fall and harvested at milk-dough stage of triticale were advantageous.