Thermal power plants are facilities that convert the chemical energy of solid, liquid and gas fuels respectively into thermal, mechanical and electric energy. The presumption of establishing a fossil fuel plant on this fertile area is putting the security of the agricultural products of the area at risk. A face to face survey was carried out with the 90 of the farmers living close to the planned area for the establishment of the fossil fuel plant in Suluova county of Amasya province. According to the survey results 43% of the farmers stated that fossil fuel plant is a necessity but it should be established far away from the agricultural estates whereas 30% of them think that these kind of fuel plants should not be established on any account and 27% of them expressed no opinion about the issue. A total of 60% of the farmers think that the agricultural consequences of the planned fossil fuel plant are not considered adequately; and 73% of the farmers think that a presumed fossil fuel plant in the area will negatively affect the yield and the quality of the agricultural products and 56% say that the agricultural estates will be negatively affected by it. Majority of the farmers stated that they would try to prevent the establishment of the plant even if they knew they would not succeed.