The Transformation of Femininity in Modernity


2nd International Conference on Lifelong Education and Leadership for All (ICLEL), Liepaja, Latvia, 21 - 23 July 2016, pp.220-226 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • City: Liepaja
  • Country: Latvia
  • Page Numbers: pp.220-226
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: Yes


Before approaching the question of defining the phenomenon of femininity within social relations, the terms of "gender" and "sexuality" are required to define. Western models refer "sex" as biological state of a person as well as anatomical features and "gender" is referring to representation of social and cultural roles. (Newman, 2002: 353). Ann Oakley, who adds the word "gender" to the Sociology Literature, uses the word "sex" to express the differences between man and woman biologically, in addition to this, Oakley defines the Word "gender" as the social division between masculinity and femininity. Therefore, it is emphasised that gender indeed draws attention to the social dimension of the differences between man and woman. However, later in the process, this term has been extended to cover stereotypes and ideals of masculinity and femininity (Marshall, 1999: 98).