Prediction of Glioma Grades Using Deep Learning with Wavelet Radiomic Features


ÇINARER G. , EMİROĞLU B. G. , Yurttakal A. H.

APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, vol.10, no.18, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 18
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/app10186296
  • Title of Journal : APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL
  • Keywords: deep learning, radiomics, wavelet, grading, LEVEL-SET METHOD, BRAIN-TUMOR, MR-IMAGES, CLASSIFICATION, SEGMENTATION, SYSTEM, PET

Abstract

Gliomas are the most common primary brain tumors. They are classified into 4 grades (Grade I-II-III-IV) according to the guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO). The accurate grading of gliomas has clinical significance for planning prognostic treatments, pre-diagnosis, monitoring and administration of chemotherapy. The purpose of this study is to develop a deep learning-based classification method using radiomic features of brain tumor glioma grades with deep neural network (DNN). The classifier was combined with the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) the powerful feature extraction tool. This study primarily focuses on the four main aspects of the radiomic workflow, namely tumor segmentation, feature extraction, analysis, and classification. We evaluated data from 121 patients with brain tumors (Grade II,n= 77; Grade III,n= 44) from The Cancer Imaging Archive, and 744 radiomic features were obtained by applying low sub-band and high sub-band 3D wavelet transform filters to the 3D tumor images. Quantitative values were statistically analyzed with MannWhitney U tests and 126 radiomic features with significant statistical properties were selected in eight different wavelet filters. Classification performances of 3D wavelet transform filter groups were measured using accuracy, sensitivity, F1 score, and specificity values using the deep learning classifier model. The proposed model was highly effective in grading gliomas with 96.15% accuracy, 94.12% precision, 100% recall, 96.97% F1 score, and 98.75% Area under the ROC curve. As a result, deep learning and feature selection techniques with wavelet transform filters can be accurately applied using the proposed method in glioma grade classification.