Protective effect of saxagliptin against renal ischaemia reperfusion injury in rats

TEKİN S., Beytur A., ÇAKIR M., Taslidere A., ERDEN Y., TEKİN Ç., ...More

ARCHIVES OF PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY, vol.128, no.3, pp.608-618, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 128 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/13813455.2020.1715442
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.608-618
  • Keywords: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, oxidative stress, saxagliptin, renal ischaemia reperfusion, lipid peroxidation, ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY, ISCHEMIA/REPERFUSION INJURY, SITAGLIPTIN, DYSFUNCTION, INHIBITION, OUTCOMES, CELLS
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: Yes


Saxagliptin is an effective and selective dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor. This study was designed to determine possible protective effects of saxagliptin against damage caused by renal ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) in rats. In this study, 40 rats were divided into 4 groups (n = 10 for each). Group 1 (Control), Group 2 (I/R) in both kidneys ischaemia of 45 min was performed, and then reperfusion was applied for 24 h. Saxagliptin (Group 3: 2 mg/kg and Group 4: 10 mg/kg) was administered by oral gavage to the animals in treatment groups, before the I/R. Saxagliptin decreased the markers (BUN, Cre, NGAL, KIM-1 and IL-18) of acute renal damage in blood and kidney tissue. Saxagliptin provided increase in antioxidant enzyme levels and decrease in MDA and apoptosis. Histological results showed that the administration of saxagliptin exhibited a protective effect against renal damage caused by I/R. These results indicates that saxagliptin provide protection against kidney injury caused by I/R.