Total Bioactive Contents and Radical Scavenging Activities of Some Ruta L. Extracts


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YAMAN C. , Ulukus D., TUGAY O.

KSU TARIM VE DOGA DERGISI-KSU JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURE, vol.22, no.2, pp.193-201, 2019 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.486352
  • Title of Journal : KSU TARIM VE DOGA DERGISI-KSU JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURE
  • Page Numbers: pp.193-201
  • Keywords: Ruta L., Flavonoids, Phenolics, DPPH, ABTS, PLANT-EXTRACTS, IN-VITRO, NATURAL ANTIOXIDANTS, CHALEPENSIS L., OXIDATION, CAPACITY, COLOR

Abstract

Ruta L. is a genus of the Rutaceae family, mostly used as a traditional medicinal plant. In this study, the antioxidant activities of methanolic and ethanolic extracts of wild Ruta chalepensis L. (above ground plant) and Ruta montana L. (leaves-flowers, stems) were assessed. The results showed that methanol extract of flower-leave of Ruta montana provided the highest yield of extraction (15.11%, 151.12 +/- 0.78 mg/g) whereas the lowest yield was obtained in ethanol extract of stems of Ruta montana (2.67%, 26.66 +/- 0.50 mg/g). Total flavonoid content in dry weight of methanol and ethanol extracts of Ruta chalepensis was found higher than other extracts except methanol leaves-flowers extract of Ruta montana. It was determinated that ethanol extracts of Ruta montana stem sustained less total flavonoid and phenolic content. Also, radical scavenging activities such as 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate (DPPH) and 2, 2'-Azino-Bis-3-Ethylbenzothiazoline-6-Sulfonic acid (ABTS) of extracts was investigated, and according to the solvent, it was revealed that extracts of Ruta chalepensis exhibited high activity. As a result, it has been discussed that Ruta can be used as a natural antioxidant by taking advantage of these data.