© 2022Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of connective tissue massage (CTM) on postoperative pain severity, first passage of flatus and the first defecation, and functionality in patients after total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) or total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH). Methods: A total of 60 patients who underwent TLH or TAH were included in the study. Patients who underwent TLH were randomly grouped as TLH-CTM (n = 15) and TLH control (n = 16), and those who underwent TAH were randomly grouped as TAH-CTM (n = 14) and TAH control (n = 15). CTM was applied twice postoperatively at the third hour and after 24 hours. The pain severity scores and functional activity limitation levels of the patients were evaluated with the visual analog scale. The number of analgesics use and first passage of flatus and the first defecation were recorded. Results: The first passage of flatus and the first defecation after surgery were shorter in the TLH-CTM and TAH-CTM groups compared with the TLH and TAH control groups (P < 0.001). The first passage of flatus and the first defecation, pain intensity, and analgesics use of the TLH-CTM group were the lowest among all groups (P < 0.05). The improvement in functionality level in the TLH-CTM group was higher than those in the other groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that CTM reduced postoperative pain severity, use of analgesics, first passage of flatus, and first defecation after TAH or TLH.