Effects of freezing conditions on the frost resistance and microstructure of concrete

ŞAHİN Y., Akkaya Y., Tasdemir M. A.

CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS, vol.270, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 270
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121458
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: Yes


Repeated freezing and thawing (F-T) cycles are the major reason for the frost damage and premature failure in concrete structures. Frost damage can be evaluated by its effects on formation of internal cracks and scaling at the surface of concrete. Both internal frost damage and surface scaling mechanisms depend on several environmental factors such as the rate of freezing, minimum temperature and the duration at the minimum temperature.