A comparative analysis of the engine performance, exhaust emissions and combustion behaviors of a compression ignition engine fuelled with biodiesel/diesel/1-butanol (C4 alcohol) and biodiesel/diesel/n-pentanol (C5 alcohol) fuel blends


YEŞİLYURT M. K. , ERYILMAZ T. , ARSLAN M.

ENERGY, vol.165, pp.1332-1351, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 165
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.energy.2018.10.100
  • Title of Journal : ENERGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.1332-1351
  • Keywords: Biodiesel, Alcohol, Combustion, Emissions, Performance, Ternary blend, DI DIESEL-ENGINE, ARTIFICIAL NEURAL-NETWORK, BUTANOL TERNARY BLENDS, FATTY-ACID-COMPOSITION, N-PENTANOL, PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES, SOYBEAN BIODIESEL, NOX EMISSIONS, ETHANOL ADDITION, VEGETABLE-OILS

Abstract

In this study, engine performance, exhaust emissions and combustion behaviors of a single-cylinder, four-stroke, direct-injection diesel engine running on biodiesel/diesel/1-butanol and biodiesel/diesel/n-pentanol fuel blends were investigated and compared with diesel fuel under different engine speeds and full load operating conditions. Test fuels were prepared with 5 and 10 vol% 1-butanol and n-pentanol. Engine test results indicated that brake powers and torques decreased as the amount of alcohol increased, white BSFC increased between 0.77% and 8.07%. Alcohol blended fuels acquired lower EGT and CO2, while observing higher O-2 emission due to high oxygen content of alcohol compared to diesel fuel. Alcohol treated blends also diminished NOX by 0.56-2.65%, CO by 6.90-32.40%, and smoke by 10.47 -44.43%. Moreover, n-pentanol blended fuels showed better performance and emission results than 1-butanol blends. Maximum in-cylinder pressure of higher alcohol blended fuels found between 94.55 and 95.82 bar at 371-372 degrees CA for 1400 rpm, and between 78.19 and 82.19 bar at 375-376 degrees CA for 2600 rpm. Alcohol addition into the blends increased maximum in-cylinder pressure up to 1.38% at low speed, whereas it decreased up to 3.75% at high speed. Furthermore, higher HRR values up to 8.5% were observed with the alcohol mixed fuels. Consequently, higher alcohols (n-pentanol and 1-butanol) can be utilized as alternative additives in biodiesel/diesel blends for diesel engines to improve emissions, although they adversely influence engine performance. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.