9. International Gap Summit Scientific Research Congress, Adıyaman, Turkey, 1 - 03 July 2022, pp.396-405
Sheep and goat breeding has an importance in the Turkish economy and the meat, milk, wool, hair, mohair, leather and so on. The products have many uses. Profitability is the main target in livestock enterprises. For this reason, even if it may seem insignificant, sudden changes in the behavior of these animals can be decisive in terms of economic values. In the absence of necessary controls and practices in livestock enterprises, many parasitic diseases occur in animals. External parasites are also very important among parasitic diseases. External parasites are animals that settle on the body surfaces of vertebrate animals and survive and adapt very well to the environment. They usually live temporarily in their hosts and can survive by moving to another host under suitable environmental conditions. The most important external parasites that have hazardous effects on small ruminants are fleas, lice, ticks, various scabies and fly species that live as parasites. It can also cause significant damage to leather and wool. In order to minimize animal losses from diseases and to obtain high production, a health protection program should be applied to animals. An effective external parasite control is a very important issue in terms of increasing productivity and animal welfare in sheep and goats. In this study, it is aimed to reveal the effects and importance of external parasites on yield and welfare characteristics in sheep and goat breeding.