The comparison of internalized stigmatization levels of patients with different mental disorders


TANRIVERDİ D., Kaplan V., BİLGİN S., Demir H.

JOURNAL OF SUBSTANCE USE, vol.25, no.3, pp.251-257, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/14659891.2019.1675790
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF SUBSTANCE USE
  • Page Numbers: pp.251-257

Abstract

Background: Individuals with mental disorders turn to self-stigmatization in the face of stigmatization at the hands of society, and the process is internalized. Internalized stigmatization, which occurs when an individual accepts the negative stereotypes directed at him by society and, as a result, results in his withdrawal from society with negative emotions, worsens the symptoms of illness, delays recovery, and causes harm to patients. Purpose: This study was conducted to compare the internalized stigmatization levels of patients with different mental disorders. Methods: The study includes 217 patients who have been diagnosed with Schizophrenia/Schizoaffective Disorder (n:46), Substance Use Disorder (n:44), Bipolar Disorder (n: 63), Major Depression (n: 40) or any Anxiety Disorders (n: 24). The Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) Scale was used to collect the data. Results: The ISMI scale total score of patients was 2.59???0.33. When stigmatization levels were compared by different disorders, individuals with substance use disorders suffered the highest levels of stigmatization followed by Depression, Schizophrenia/Schizoaffective disorder, Bipolar disorder and Anxiety disorder (p