Correlation coefficient measures and aggregation operators on interval-valued linear Diophantine fuzzy sets and their applications


Creative Commons License

Petchimuthu S., Riaz M., KAMACI H.

Computational and Applied Mathematics, vol.41, no.8, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s40314-022-02077-w
  • Journal Name: Computational and Applied Mathematics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Applied Science & Technology Source, Computer & Applied Sciences, zbMATH
  • Keywords: Linear Diophantine fuzzy set, Interval-valued linear Diophantine fuzzy set, Aggregation operator, Correlation coefficient, Supplier selection, Medical diagnosis
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022, The Author(s) under exclusive licence to Sociedade Brasileira de Matemática Aplicada e Computacional.Intuitionistic fuzzy sets, Pythagorean fuzzy sets, and q-rung orthopair fuzzy sets are rudimentary concepts in computational intelligence, which have a myriad of applications in fuzzy system modeling and decision-making under uncertainty. Nevertheless, all these notions have some strict restrictions imposed on the membership and non-membership grades (e.g., the sum of the grades or the sum of the squares of the grades or the sum of the qth power of the grades is less than or equal to 1). To relax these restrictions, linear Diophantine fuzzy set is a new extension of fuzzy sets, by additionally considering reference/control parameters. Thereby, the sum of membership grade and non-membership grade can be greater than 1, and even both of these grades can be 1. By selecting different pairs of reference parameters, linear Diophantine fuzzy sets can naturally categorize concerned problems and produce appropriate solutions accordingly. In this paper, the interval-valued linear Diophantine fuzzy set, which is a generalization of linear Diophantine fuzzy set, is studied. The interval-valued linear Diophantine fuzzy set is more efficient to deal with uncertain and vague information due to its flexible intervals of membership grades, non-membership grades, and reference parameters. Some basic operations on interval-valued linear Diophantine fuzzy sets are presented. We define interval-valued linear Diophantine fuzzy weighted average and interval-valued linear Diophantine fuzzy weighted geometric aggregation operators. Based on these new aggregation operators, we propose a method for multi-criteria decision-making based on supplier selection under the interval-valued linear Diophantine fuzzy environment. Besides, a real-life example, comparison study, and advantages of proposed aggregation operators are presented. We describe some correlation coefficient measures (type-1 and type-2) for the interval-valued linear Diophantine fuzzy sets and they are applied in medical diagnosis for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Lastly, a comparative examination and the benefits of proposed correlation coefficient measures are also discussed.