Evaluation of antibiotic use in a hospital with an antibiotic restriction policy


Erbay A. , Colpan A., Bodur H., Cevik M., Samore M., Ergonul O.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS, vol.21, no.4, pp.308-312, 2003 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0924-8579(02)00392-8
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS
  • Page Numbers: pp.308-312
  • Keywords: antibiotic use, appropriateness, restriction policies, ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS, MISUSE

Abstract

The study was designed to evaluate rational antibiotic use in relation to diagnosis and bacteriological findings. All hospitalized patients who received antibiotics were evaluated by a cross-sectional study. Of the 713 patients hospitalized, 281 (39.4%) patients received 377 antibiotics. Among 30 different antibiotics the most frequently requested were first generation cephalosporins (19.9%), ampicillin-sulbactam (19.1%) and aminoglycosides (11.7%). Antibiotic use was appropriate in 64.2% of antibiotic requests. In analysis of appropriate use, a request after an infectious diseases consultation was a frequent reason (OR = 14, P < 0.001, CI = 0.02-0.24). Antibiotics requested in conjunction with susceptibility results were found to be more appropriate than those ordered empirically (OR = 4.5, P = 0.017, CI = 0.06-0.76). Inappropriate antibiotic use was significantly higher among unrestricted antibiotics than restricted ones (P < 0.001). Irrational antibiotic use was high for unrestricted antibiotics. Additional interventions such as postgraduate training programmes and elaboration of local guidelines could be beneficial. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. and the International Society of Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.