Rural Development and Biosystems Engineering in Turkey


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Karaca Ö. F. , Yıldız A. K. , Özrahat E., Eryılmaz T.

Proceedings 11 th International Congress on Mechanization and Energy in Agriculture Congress, İstanbul, Turkey, 21 - 23 September 2011, vol.7, no.2, pp.217-223

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 7
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.217-223

Abstract

Early on Republic of Turkey while 75 % population of the country was living in villages,

now there is a consistent immigration from rural areas to urban. Although our country is a

candidate to European Union, living conditions in rural areas doesn’t attain to a desirable level,

thus some of the urban become like mega villages as a result of this migration. By the year 2009,

farmer’s population ratio decreased to 25 % and rural population ratio is 35 % of the whole

population. However, in developed countries, the difference between the population of rural and

urban is very low. With Agricultural and Rural Development Supporting Organizations, which were

built firstly in 20 cities and planned to built in 20 more cities between the years 2011-2013, it is

aimed to raise the development level of agricultural sector and weal level of rural population, and

to counteract the immigration from rural to urban and also to ensure Turkey’s accordance to

European Union in order to form villages like urban in rural areas and to support rural

development. For this purpose, in the view of engineering, realizing the application of basic

principles of engineering; as mechanical, energy, construction (civil), hydrology, environment,

electrical-electronics and information technologies that stand first on the list; to all sorts of rural

planning activities and production areas is to be on the objectives of Biosystems Engineering. In

this paper, rural development investment made in Turkey as a part of European Union in recent

years and in this context place and the development of Biosystems Engineering in Turkey was

investigated.