3.Uluslararası 4.Ulusal Doğum Sonu Bakım Kongresi, Ankara, Turkey, 16 - 18 September 2021, pp.195-196
Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of Therapeutic Touch and Mother’s Voice on pain and comfort levels of preterm infants during nasal CPAP (Continious Positive Airway Pressure) application.
Method: The study was conducted randomized controlled design. The study population consisted of 28-37 week-old 124 preterm neonatal infants who received a nasal CPAP at Gaziantep Cengiz Gökçek Gynecology and Child Hospital at April 2019 and August 2020. The preterm infants assigned to Therapeutic Touch (n=31), Mother’s Voice (n=31), Mother’s Voice + Therapeutic Touch (n=31) randomly was applied. No other procedures were administered to the infants in the control group (n=31). The preterm infants pain and comfort levels were evaluated using the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS) and Premature Infant Comfort Scale (PICS) before, during, and after the procedure. The data was recorded by the researcher Trial Follow- up Form.
Results: In the study, the pre-procedure pain and comfort levels of the groups were found to be similar (p > 0.05). The NIPS (Neonatal Infant Pain Scale) and PICS (Premature Infant Comfort Scale) score averages of the preterm infants in the Therapeutic Touch, Mother’s Voice+ Therapeutic Touch and Mother’s Voice group during and after procedure were statistically significantly lower than and control group score averages (p<0.05). Therapeutic Touch, Mother Voice+ Therapeutic Touch and Mother Voice were found to be effective in NIPS (Neonatal Infant Pain Scale) pain score and PICS (Premature Infant Comfort Scale) mean scores during and after nasal CPAP procedures, respectively.
Conclusion: As a result of the study, it was found that the use of Therapeutic Touch and Mother’s Voice+Therapeutic Touch, were the most effective methods that reducing pain and increasing comfort level in preterm infants during and after nasal CPAP procedure.
Keywords: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP), Therapeutic Touch, Mother’s Voice, Pain, Comfort