EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL D, vol.57, no.3, pp.431-437, 2010 (SCI-Expanded)
Quantum entangled states in a system of trapped three-level ion interacting with two laser beams in I > (Lambda) configuration is investigated. We have characterized a typical family of initial conditions for their potential to generate quantum entanglement of internal and external degrees of freedom of the ion. It is found that entangled qudits, specifially qutrits and quadrits, can be optimally for a certain preparation of the ionic system. Analytical results, describing the quantum entangled state explicity, are presented. The amount of quantum entanglement is quantified directly by calculating the generalized concurrence for arbitrary qudits. It is obtained that higher dimensional entanglement can be established with the Lamb-Dicke parameter (LDP). The LDP dependence of Schmidt coefficients is shown.