Family context of low-income young children and their self-regulation in the United States and Turkey


VEZİROĞLU ÇELİK M., GARCIA A., ACAR İ. H. , GÖNEN M. S. , RAIKES H., KORKMAZ A. , ...More

EARLY CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND CARE, vol.190, no.11, pp.1712-1724, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 190 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/03004430.2018.1548442
  • Title of Journal : EARLY CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND CARE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1712-1724

Abstract

The current study examines the contributions of family context (e.g. life events, home environments) to low-income preschool children's self-regulation (behaviour regulation and executive function) in the United States and Turkey. Participants were 1139 low-income children (486 from the U.S. and 653 from Turkey) and their parents. Children's self-regulation was assessed via structured tasks and family related variables such as life events, home environments, and demographic information were assessed via parent-report. Results from regression analyses showed that child's age-predicted behaviour regulation and executive function in children both from the U.S. and Turkey. Child gender, favouring girls predicted behaviour regulation and executive function and parent-child verbal interaction was associated with behaviour regulation only in the U.S. Family structure (favouring living in a two-parent household) predicted executive function and economic change predicted behaviour regulation in Turkey. Contributions and future directions were also discussed.