Can calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and pentraxin-3 (PTX-3) be useful in diagnosing acute migraine attack?


JOURNAL OF RECEPTORS AND SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION, vol.42, no.6, pp.562-566, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10799893.2022.2097264
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.562-566
  • Keywords: Headache, migraine, calcitonin gene-related peptide, pentraxin-3, diagnostic biomarker, TRAUMATIC BRAIN-INJURY, INCREASE, HEADACHE, DISEASE, BLOOD, AURA
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose Even if migraine is not fatal, it is a common and challenging disease with adverse effects on individuals' lives. The lack of objective diagnostic tools causes delays in diagnosis and treatment initiation. The primary aim of this study is to reveal the diagnostic value of Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP) and Pentraxin-3 (PTX-3) in acute migraine. To this aim, we compared the serum CGRP and PTX-3 levels of migraine patients with acute attacks to those in healthy individuals. Material and method A total of 135 individuals (85 patients with migraine attacks with or without aura and 50 healthy controls) participated in the study. Serum CGRP and PTX-3 levels were measured with ELISA analysis. A p value less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results Serum CGRP [146.70 (21.52-413.67) vs. 65.90 (3.80-256.60) pg/mL] and PTX-3 levels [12.71 (0.62-33.97) vs. 1.01 (0.06-9.48) ng/mL] were higher in patients with migraine attack than the control group (p < 0.01 and p < 0.01, respectively). ROC analysis showed that the cutoff value for serum CGRP was 121.39 pg/mL (AUC: 0.751, Sen:%61, Spe:%64) whereas the cutoff value for PTX-3 was 4,06 ng/mL (AUC:0.876, Sen:%73, Spe:%76). Serum CGRP levels were positively correlated with pain intensity. Serum CGRP and PTX-3 levels did not differ across gender groups and presence of aura in subgroup analysis. Conclusion Patients with acute migraine attacks have higher serum CGRP and PTX-3 levels than controls. Both biomarkers show high potential for the diagnosis of a migraine attack.