Goddess Figurine with Animals from Arykanda - Arif Kale


IŞIN G., SANCAKTAR H.

OLBA, vol.29, pp.167-188, 2021 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Title of Journal : OLBA
  • Page Numbers: pp.167-188

Abstract

The Arif Kale settlement is located to the south of the Village Arif and city Arykanda on the highway between the districts of Elmali and Finike, East of Lycia. The figurine, which constitutes the subject of this study, was unearthed in the 2018 excavation season during the works on the western part of the Decumanus Maximus of Arif Kale. The Decumanus Maximus connects the two main gates located in the east-west direction of the city. The figurine in question was used as a filling material in a wall dated to the 7th-9th centuries AD. The figurine, which was found as a spolia material is stylistically similar to the depictions on votive altars and steles of which examples are known from Arykanda and the Lycian Region. This mentioned artefact has different characteristics of the iconography of Meter, Artemis Lagbene and Artemis Kynegetis, whose iconography is known with the help of inscribed reliefs; however, its iconography differs from those of the three goddesses listed here. Therefore the artefact is unique among known goddess iconographies. In this study, the Arykanda figurine which does not bear an inscription is identified by comparing it with different iconographies that carry similarities.