Graft copolymerization of itaconic acid-methacrylamide comonomers onto poly(ethylene terephthalate) fibers


Coskun R.

European Polymer Journal, vol.43, no.4, pp.1428-1435, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2007.01.002
  • Title of Journal : European Polymer Journal
  • Page Numbers: pp.1428-1435

Abstract

The graft copolymerization of itaconic acid-methacrylamide (IA-MAAm) comonomers was carried out using benzoyl peroxide as initiator onto poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) fibers in an aqueous medium. The grafted fibers were characterized by FTIR, TGA, DSC and SEM analysis. Effect of various parameters on graft yield such as feed composition, feed and initiator concentration, reaction time and temperature were investigated. The graft yield in the presence of MAAm increased because of the synergistic effect of MAAm comonomer. While, the graft yield alone with the IA onto PET fiber was 2.2%, the use of MAAm as a comonomer increased the amount of IA introduced to the PET fiber up to 13.7%. The reactivity ratios for both monomers were determined by using a Fineman-Ross plot. The grafting rate and saturation graft yield was increased upon increasing the temperature between 65 °C and 85 °C. When the temperature increased further than 85 °C, the saturation graft yield decreased. The graft yield has shown an increase up to an initiator concentration of 1.0 × 10-2 M and slightly decreased. The grafting increased the dyeability with acidic and basic dyes, and moisture absorption capacity but decreased the thermal stability of the fibers. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.