The effect of potassium doping on resistive transitions and transport critical current of bulk YBCO high-Tc superconductors

Çelebi S., ÖZTÜRK A., Karaca I., Kölemen U.

Turkish Journal of Physics, vol.24, no.4, pp.567-576, 2000 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Title of Journal : Turkish Journal of Physics
  • Page Numbers: pp.567-576
  • Keywords: Critical current density, High-Tc superconductors, K-doping, Resistive transition


We report on observations of the effect of potassium in YBCO (123) high temperature superconductors with nominal composition Y1-0,2x D.2r Ba2-0.2x Kx Cu3 Oy. The electrical resistivity measurements show that the critical temperature Tc (R=0) shifted slightly to lower temparatnre due to the K doping process. This process also decreases the transport critical current density and the activation energy for thermally activated flux flow. The magnetic field dependence of jc was measured at 77 K after zero field cooling (ZFC) when the applied magnetic field is impressed (ZFCV) and removed (ZFGD). The results are discussed in terms of "return" magnetic flux density associated with the magnetization of the grains. Activation energy was determined from the Arrhenius resistivity plot versus temperature curve. The XRD patterns are also presented for sample characterization.