Four Elements in the Concept of Love and Initiation in Folk Tales


ERDAL T.

MILLI FOLKLOR, no.115, pp.5-18, 2017 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 115
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Title of Journal : MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Page Numbers: pp.5-18

Abstract

Folk tales usually revolve around the theme of love. Going through struggles and trials, moving to foreign lands, yearning for one's sweetheart, and even risking death for the sake of love are narrated in an aestheticized form. In the meantime, some mythic or fantastic elements can be used to make the tale more interesting and easier to remember. This study examines the tales Ferhat ile Sirin, Leyla ile Mecnun, Kerem ile Ash, and. Kirmansah, using different variants identified in studies in Turkey, in the context of four elements with love-related and mythic roots. Known as anastr-t erbaa (water, earth, fire and air) in Turkish literature, the four elements take the center stage in the explanation of events from the creation of the universe to the end of days, and from the emergence of myths and religions to other events that people can not explain with their current knowledge of natural or spiritual forces. The four elements, which feature in many different genres and are interpreted differently in different areas of life, are found in literary texts as well. This study examines the place of the elements of water, fire, earth and air in the narrative structures of the tales Ferhat ile Sirin, Leyla ile Mecnun, Kerem ile Ash, and Kirmansah. Information about the four elements of water, earth, fire and air shape the unfolding Of events in the tales directly or indirectly, or are associated with specific characters, making it possible to read these tales in the context of the "four elements". Textual analysis will be used to examine these elements in the contexts of "love", "trial" and "initiation" in the four tales selected. Some of the texts examined are written tales in manuscript or print format, and others are oral tales collected by the. researchers.